I know what you’re thinking: Spannerman dwells with the gods and can ride whatever he goddamn pleases so why would he cast his gaze on a lowly Honda C50 Stepthru? Well, friends, I wasn’t always fabulously wealthy. As a humble apprentice, I trudged the streets of Newcastle and dreamed of the future.

I had a Suzuki Titan at the time which I wore out, piece by piece. Eventually, when it protested itself into immobility, I walked the three miles from Carrington to Moreparts Wreckers with a short parts list and $100 (my life’s savings) in the pocket of my overalls. Tragically, the bits I needed totalled $120. As I ambled out for the long, hot walk back, I noticed the Stepthru. It was, conveniently, $100, so I bought it instead and rode it home.

My colleague, Guy Allen, is in the habit of naming his bikes. I’ve never done that but the previous owner of the Stepthru had called the bike “Virginia” and there was a sticker on the swingarm to confirm it. Even back then, the words ‘Spannerman’ and ‘virgin’ rarely appeared in the same sentence but I got used to it and the little, red Honda has always had a name.

Spannerman bike collection
He’s had this nail for years.

I left Newcastle in 1982 to seek my fortune in Melbourne and put Virginia on the train with me so that I would have some transport when I arrived. She carried me faithfully around the deep south for years but, through neglect, she became slower and slower.

The problem was the oil feed to the head. The camshaft runs in the head casting and if you neglect oil changes, the camshaft will develop play which affects valve opening and closing.
It got slower and slower but I kept riding it. Eventually, its top speed dropped to around 15km/h and I abandoned it in the long-term carpark at Melbourne airport.

Four months later, racked by guilt, I drove a ute out, pushed it through the entrance gate and did a runner. By that time, parking fees had grown to around $4800 so taking it through the proper exit would have completely redefined the expression “over-capitalising”.

60mph. Off which cliff?


Virginia sat for years with her worn-out engine and I occasionally scanned the papers for a useable Honda 50 replacement unit. Given the numbers that were sold, you’d think they’d be a dime a dozen. Not so – they all wore out. A badly maintained Honda 50 would do about 10,000km and many of them went to God with that number on the odometer.

I found one eventually, bought it, fitted it and discovered the auto-clutch wasn’t working properly and it tore a couple of teeth off third gear. Virginia is slow enough without a missing third gear so she slowly ambled her way up to the back of the workshop again.

A bike for the masses.

I never forgot her, though. If she could talk, I’d probably still be in gaol for the things she’s witnessed over the years. When I spent a year in Vietnam I bought my second 50, a blue one, but my heart has always been with the original red one.

A couple of years ago I accompanied Rob Blackbourn into the scrub to inspect a Suzuki T500 he’d purchased and, amazingly, the owner had a shed full of Honda 50 engines. None were perfect but I bought the best: a C100 (still 50cc), electric start unit. Its problems included a worn-out kick-start spindle but, at last, I had the makings of a non-original but useable Stepthru.

Spannerman Honda Stepthru C50
Spanner owned a second Stepthru whilst staying in Vietnam.

History lesson

I’ve had to go through the boredom of learning about Stepthrus so there’s no reason you shouldn’t share it. I’ll make it as brief as possible so you don’t feel like slitting your wrists before you finish the page.

The first example of the Honda Super Cub (C100) appeared in 1958. It was propelled by a 50cc, pushrod, overhead valve engine. Sit down before you read this but it produce 4.5hp which powered it to a top speed of around 70km/h. The first major modification was with the C102 in 1960 which featured an electric start and battery and coil ignition instead of the previous magneto.

Honda Stepthru 1958
The mighty Stepthru first appeared in 1958.

My model, the C50, appeared in 1964 and had an overhead camshaft, lifting power from a mind-boggling 4.5hp to 4.8hp. 1966 also saw the introduction of the far more popular C90 Stepthru with its giant-killing 7.5hp power unit. INFO MOTO’s Spencer Leech bought, developed and raced one at the Broadford Bike Bonanza a few years ago which proved, again, that if you only ever ride them flat-out, they’re not as reliable as the myth maintains. To put 7.5hp into perspective, the current BMW S 1000 RR produces 205hp.

The OHC Honda engine had a marketing stumble in Asia largely because nobody read the service manuals. It developed a poor reputation for reliability, particularly against its bullet-proof, two-stroke opposition. In 1974, Honda went back to a low-maintenance, pushrod engine which still survives today in a variety of forms, particularly as Chinese copies.

In the west, however, the OHC engine thrived and built Honda’s reputation as a bike for nice riders who wanted an oil-leak-free experience and reliable transportation at minimum cost.

Spencer Leech Honda C90
News editor Spencer’s first road-bike was a Honda Stepthru. It didn’t live long…

Poor Virginia

As you can see from the pictures, Virginia was dragged out of the back of the factory recently and once again asked to start. I can’t be sure but I think it’s about three-and-a-half years since I last gave her a gallop. As is often the case, I need to pump up the tyres, introduce some fresh petrol and then it’s a case of turning on the ignition and taking her for a walk.

The C50 has a kick-start but, unlike most scooters, its centrifugal clutch allows you to push-start it. The compression ratio is so low that you can select second gear and just walk it a few yards until the engine fires, which it always does, however long I leave it before attention.

Spannerman bike collection
The Great Man over looks his stable of shame.

Collector status

Honda’s stepthrus can never be considered as an investment as they became the largest selling transport device in the history of the world. Forget the VW Beetle – the Super Cub is the never-to-be-beaten winner. I love mine because of the memories attached to it and the fact that it has survived for so long.

There are a few options for its future. I can rebuild the early C100 engine I have or seek out an OHC C50 engine from someone who has one in the back of their sheds. Let INFO MOTO know if you have one. Plan C is to acquire an Asian copy engine.

Honda C50 fake engine
To the untrained eye, this may appear to be a genuine ‘Hongda’ product.

Honda has sold the licence to produce the C50-style engine to SYM, among others, so Virginia might end up with a 110cc engine. There are other Chinese manufacturers who have produced copies without a licence so, as long as they fit, power is available.

We’re a weird lot. I’d like Virginia to be running well and, possibly, she’d drift up to the back of the shed again. I see a life for her when I move to a small, country town where something easy to start which will run a month on a tank of fuel will be useful for avoiding the coppers on the way home from the pub and doing the shopping. I’ll save the S 1000 RR for more serious work…

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1 year ago

Do I spy an XS250?
Please, on behalf of the millions limited to the Quarter litre limit back in the day, invite us all to the burning of it.
That bloody bike represents everything wrong with the 250cc commuter bike, truly fucking awful that thing was.

Grant Joseph Roff
Grant Joseph Roff
Reply to  Glenn
1 year ago

Yep – arguably the worst bike of its generation. Good call, Glenn. It was designed as a 400 but I don’t think even an extra 150cc would have saved it. Strangely, a few have survived. The whole ugly story is somewhere in the INFO MOTO archives. Enjoy the search…